Relationship between Serum Levels of Anti-Mullerian
Hormone, Adiponectin and Oxidative Stress Markers in
Patients with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age. Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) is a valid indicator of ovarian function and is used for PCOS diagnosis. Some studies have shown that adipokines affect the synthesis of AMH, and therefore they are somehow related in function. The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between serum levels of AMH, adiponectin and oxidative stress markers in PCOS patients.
Materials and Methods
In this cross-sectional study, PCOS patients and healthy women (80 cases in total) were investigated. Serum levels of AMH, adiponectin, gonadotropins, androgens, total antioxidant capacity (TAC), nitric oxide (NO) and insulin resistance (IR) were measured by standard methods. An independent t test was used to compare the two groups and Pearson correlation coefficient was used to determine the relationship between variables.
There was a significant difference between the means of AMH (5.16 ± 5.3 vs. 2.44 ± 2.5 ng/mL) (P=0.007) and adiponectin (24.55 ± 9.41 vs. 30.57 ± 14.2 µg/L) (P=0.029) among the PCOS and control groups, respectively. The correlation between AMH and adiponectin in the control group was statistically significant and negative (P=0.028, r=-0.35), while in the PCOS group it was not significant (P=0.11, r=-0.25).
Various biochemical and hormonal factors differ between PCOS and healthy women. Different factors can influence AMH and adiponectin levels independently of PCOS in women of reproductive age.