Current Issue

Volume 14, Number 1, Apr-Jun 2020 Pages: 68-71

Psychiatric Disorders in Women Seeking Fertility Treatments: A Clinical Investigation in India


Ansha Patel, Ph.D, 1, *, Podila Satya Venkata Narasimha Sharma, M.D, 1, Pratap Kumar, M.D, 2,
Department of Psychiatry, Kasturba Medical College, MAHE, Manipal, Karnataka, India
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The Manipal Assisted Reproduction Centre, Kasturba Medical College, MAHE, Manipal, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding Address: Department of Psychiatry Kasturba Medical College MAHE Manipal Karnataka India Email:ansha_patel@yahoo.co.in

Abstract

Fertility treatments began in several countries, including India, in the1970s. Despite various advancements in intra uterine insemination (IUI) and in vitro fertilization (IVF), empirical investigations on the psychological endurance and emotional tolerance of Indian women to such treatments are rather scarce. Thus, the aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in Indian women seeking fertility treatments. It is a cross-sectional study with three hundred women participants undergoing various treatments at the Manipal Assisted Reproductive Centre, Kasturba Medical College, Karnataka, India. Psychiatric disorders were assessed in women using the “ICD- 10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders” followed by descriptive data analysis. The results show that 78% of women have psychological issues and 45% of them have a diagnosable psychiatric condition. Adjustment Disorders, Anxiety Disorders and Mixed Anxiety and Depression Disorder are established as the top three categories of diagnoses. The findings of this study suggest that women have a high emotional stake in infertility treatments. The data highlights the need for modification of the existing treatment protocol (in Indian clinics) in ways that ensure the emotional wellbeing of patients.