Comparison of Oocyte Maturation Trigger Using Follicle
Stimulating Hormone Plus Human Chorionic Gonadotropin
versus hCG Alone in Assisted Reproduction Technology Cycles
The goal of this study was to investigate oocyte maturation, fertilization and pregnancy rates among infertile women, by concomitant follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) administration at the time of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) trigger, compared to hCG trigger alone.
Materials and Methods
In this prospective randomized controlled trial, 109 infertile women between the ages of 20 and 40 years, received gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist and fresh embryo transfer. Following the procedure, the subjects were randomly divided into two groups on the oocyte-triggering day. In the experimental group, final oocyte maturation was achieved by 5000 IU hCG plus 450 IU FSH. In the control group, however, oocyte triggering was performed by 5000 IU hCG, only. The primary outcome was clinical pregnancy and the secondary out- comes included oocyte recovery rate, oocyte maturity rate, fertilization proportion rate, fertilization rate, implantation rate and chemical pregnancy rate.
Fifty-four women were appointed to the group with the FSH bolus injection at the time of hCG trigger and 55 women were assigned to the hCG alone group. Women in the FSH group had a significantly higher metaphase II (MII) oocyte (7.17 ± 3.50 vs. 5.87 ± 3.19), 2 pronuclear embryos (2PNs) (5.44 ± 3.20 vs. 3.74 ± 2.30) and total em- bryos (4.57 ± 2.82 vs. 3.29 ± 2.13) compared to hCG alone group, respectively. Furthermore, fertilization rate (0.75 ± 0.19 vs. 0.68 ± 0.25), implantation rate (14.2 vs. 8.5%) as well as clinical (27.9 vs. 15.9%) and chemical (32.6 vs. 20.5%) pregnancy rates were higher in the FSH group, but no statistically significant difference was found (P>0.05).
Combination of FSH and hCG for oocyte triggering improves oocyte maturity and fertilization propor- tion rates without increasing the chance of implantation, chemical and clinical pregnancy rates (Registration number: IRCT2017082724512N5).