Modeling In Vitro Fertilization Data Considering Multiple
Outcomes Observed among Iranian Infertile Women
Materials and Methods
This historical cohort study includes 996 assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles of 511 infertile women. Covariates considered in this study were women’s age, type of cycle (fresh or frozen embryo transfer), number of embryos transferred and having polycystic ovarian syndrome during IVF cycles. Generalized estimating equations were used for calculation of odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) of success at different stages during IVF cycles. Cluster-weighted generalized estimating equations (CWGEE) was also fitted to handle informative cluster size.
After adjusting for potential confounders, it was seen that receiving frozen embryo transfer was associated with higher odds of success compared to receiving fresh embryo transfer (adj OR: 2.26, 95% CI: 1.66-3.07); however, cycles with fresh embryo transfer exhibited better results in clinical pregnancy compared to those receiving frozen embryo. Being in the age category of 38 to 40 was associated with lower odds of success compared to the reference category (<35) in CWGEE model (adj OR: 0.67, 95% CI: 0.45-1.00). The number of embryos transferred was positively associated with the odds of success in CWGEE (adj OR: 1.21, 95% CI: 1.03-1.42) as well as the GEE model.
Receiving frozen embryo was positively associated with odds of success compared to cycles with fresh embryo. The number of embryos transferred and women’s age were significantly associated with odds of success.