Past Issue

Volume 10, Number 2, Jul-Sep 2016, Pages: 169-174

Use of Follicular Output Rate to Predict Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection Outcome

Rehana Rehman, M.B.B.S., Ph.D., 1, *, Rozina Mustafa, M.B.B.S., FCPS., 2, Mukhtiar Baig, M.B.B.S, Ph.D., 3, Sara Arif, M.B.B.S., 4, Muhammad Faisal Hashmi, M.B.B.S., 5,
Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, United Medical and Dental College, Karachi, Pakistan
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Rabigh, King Abdul Aziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
House Officer Civil Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
House Officer, Services Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
*Corresponding Address: P.O. Box 3500 Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences The Aga Khan University Stadium Road Karachi -74800 Pakistan



The measurement of follicular output rate (FORT) has been proposed as a good indicator for evaluating follicular response to the exogenous recombinant folliclestimulating hormone (rFSH). This places FORT as a promising qualitative marker for ovarian function. The objective of the study was to determine FORT as a predictor of oocyte competence, embryo quality and clinical pregnancy after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).

Materials and Methods

This prospective study was carried out on a group of infer- tile females (n=282) at Islamabad Clinic Serving Infertile Couples, Islamabad, Pakistan, from June 2010 till August 2013. Downregulated females were stimulated in injection gonadotropins and on ovulation induction day, pre-ovulatory follicle count (PFC) was determined using transvaginal ultrasound scan (TVUS), and FORT was determined as a ratio of PFC to antral follicle count (AFC)×100. Group I consisted of females with a negative pregnancy test, while group II had a positive pregnancy test that was confirmed with the appearance of fetal cardiac activity. Linear regression analyses of categorical variables of clinical pregnancy along with other independent variables, including FORT, were performed using SPSS version 15.0.


Pregnancy occurred in 101/282 women who were tested, recording a clinical pregnancy rate of about 35.8%. FORT values were higher in group II as compared to group I females (P=0.0001). In multiple regression analysis, 97.7, 87.1, 78.2, and 83.4% variations were explained based on the number of retrieved oocytes per patients, number of metaphase II oocytes retrieved, number of fertilized oocytes, and number of cleaved embryos, respectively, indicating FORT as an independent predictor.


FORT is a predictor of oocyte competence in terms of a number of retrieved, mature and fertilized oocytes. It also gives information about the number of cleaved embryos and clinical pregnancy rate.