Past Issue

Volume 11, Number 3, Oct-Dec 2017 Pages: 156-165

Physically Active Men Show Better Semen Parameters than Their Sedentary Counterparts


Paula C. Lalinde-Acevedo, B.Sc, 1, B. Jose Manuel Mayorga-Torres, B.Sc, 1, Ashok Agarwal, Ph.D, 2, Stefan S. du Plessis, Ph.D, 2, 3, Gulfam Ahmad, Ph.D, 2, 4, Ángela P. Cadavid, Ph.D, 1, Walter D. Cardona Maya, Ph.D, 1, *,
Reproduction Group, Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Medical School, University of Antioquia, Antio- quia, Colombia
Center for Reproductive Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
Division of Medical Physiology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, South Africa
Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, University of Health Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
*Corresponding Address: Reproduction Group Department of Microbiology and Parasitology Medical School University of Antioquia Antioquia Colombia Email:wdario.cardona@udea.edu.co

Abstract

Background

The quality of semen depends upon several factors such as environment, life style, physical activity, age, and occupation. The aim of this study was to analyze and compare the conventional and functional semen parameters in men practicing vigorous physical activity to those of sedentary men.

Materials and Methods

In this descriptive cross-sectional study, semen samples of 17 physically active men and 15 sedentary men were collected for analysis. Semen analysis was performed according to the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines, while functional parameters were evaluated by flow cytometry.

Results

Results showed that several semen parameters (semen volume, viability, progressive motility, total motility, normal morphology, and moribund cells) were superior in the physically active group in comparison with the sedentary group. Semen parameters such as viability, progressive motility and total motility, as well as the percentage of moribund spermatozoa were significantly different between both groups. However, sperm DNA damage, lipid peroxidation and mitochondrial potential were not significantly different among the groups.

Conclusion

Nevertheless, the physical activity shows better semen parameters than sedentary group. Taken together, our results demonstrate that regular physical activity has beneficial impact in sperm fertility parameters and such a life style can enhance the fertility status of men.