Past Issue

Volume 9, Number 4, Jan-Mar 2016, Pages: 411-415

An Update on Ovarian Aging and Ovarian Reserve Tests


Ramazan Amanvermez, Ph.D, 1, *, Migraci Tosun, M.D, 2,
Department of Medical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Ondokuz Mayıs University, Samsun, Turkey
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Ondokuz Mayıs University, Samsun, Turkey
* Corresponding Address: Department of Medical Biochemistry Faculty of Medicine Ondokuz Mayıs University TR-55139 Samsun Turkey Email:aramazan@omu.edu.tr

Abstract

Ovaries are the female organs that age more quickly than other tissues such as the uterus, the pituitary gland or pancreas. Different from males, an interesting question is why and how the females lose fertility so rapidly. During the aging process, both the number and quality of the oocytes in the ovaries decrease and reach to a point beyond that no more viable offspring may be produced and the associated cyclic endocrinological activities cease, entering the menopause in females at an average age of 50 years. Females who delayed childbearing with or without their willing until their 30 years or 40 years constitute the largest portion of the total infertility population. Ovarian reserve tests (ORTs) provide an indirect estimate of a female’s diminishing ovarian reserve or remaining follicular pool. This article briefly reviews recent progresses in relation to ovarian aging and ORTs.