Past Issue

Volume 9, Supplement 1, Summer 2015 (Presented at 16th Congress on Reproductive Biomedicine and 10th Royan Nursing and Midwifery Seminar) Pages: 116-117

Pnm-25: The Importance of Reproductive Health


Background
Reproductive health is defined as a state of physical, mental, and social well-being in all matters relating to the reproductive system, at all stages of life. Good reproductive health implies that people are able to have a satisfying and safe sex life, the capability to reproduce and the freedom to decide if, when, and how often to do so. Men and women should be informed about and have access to safe, effective, affordable, and acceptable methods of family planning of their choice, and the right to appropriate health-care services that enable women to safely go through pregnancy and childbirth. Reproductive Health has a particular interest on the impact changes in reproductive health have globally, and therefore we decided to write a systematic review article in this issue.
Materials and methods
We searched the related search engines such as PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochran library Science direct and WHO database with these keywords: reproductive health, reproductive rights and sexual health.
Results
We found 23 articles in this issue in our search. The majority of articles indicated that reproductive health is one of the most important parts of human rights but in some cultures and countries was ignored by political and governmental policies especially in developing country where this need is critical.
Conclusion
Within the framework of WHO's definition of health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, reproductive health addresses the reproductive processes, functions and system at all stages of life. Reproductive health, therefore, implies that people are able to have a responsible, satisfying and safe sex life and that they have the capability to reproduce and the freedom to decide if, when and how often to do so. Implicit in this is the right of men and women to be informed of and to have access to safe, effective, affordable and acceptable methods of fertility regulation of their choice, and the right of access to appropriate health care services that will enable women to go safely through pregnancy and childbirth and provide couples with the best chance of having a healthy infant. Our roles as a health care providers and first level of primary health care are so important. We can notice this issue and improve the quality of reproductive health in our society by prepare educational and counseling programs for our clients and inform them their rights and roles. So we can help the society to increase the level of reproductive health.