Past Issue

Volume 9, Supplement 1, Summer 2015 (Presented at 16th Congress on Reproductive Biomedicine and 10th Royan Nursing and Midwifery Seminar) Pages: 113-113

Pnm-16: The Effect of Pregnancy above 40 Years on The Fetal Health


Background
Women's Health is trying to Priority health programs. A natural event of a woman's life is pregnancy. Highly regard to maternal health during pregnancy, one of the most basic ways maintains health of mother and fetus. Age factors are affecting the outcome of pregnancy. The aim of this study was evaluation of the complications of pregnant women above 40 years referred to Jahrom's Pymanyh hospital.
Materials and methods
This was a descriptive study. Patient's information was obtained from their files. Variables assessed were included: age, parity, gestational age, abortion, disease during pregnancy, birth weight, neonatal problems and congenital anomaly. Data was analyzed by SPSS software and using descriptive statistics (frequency, mean, standard deviation).
Results
Medical file of 2049 pregnant women were studied. 9.56% were above 35 years. 69.4% rural, 30.1% were urban patients. The average age of women was 42 .07 ± 2.01. 25.5% of samples were pregnant for the fifth times (gravid 5). Pregnancy complications include: 29.6% abortion, 3.1% bleeding in pregnancy, 15.3% post term delivery, 9.2% had preterm labor. The frequency of different types of diseases in the samples includes: anemia 14.8%, hypertension 7.7%, diabetes mellitus 6.7%, gastrointestinal problems 3.1%, pyelonephritis 1%, Previous history of disease 8.2%. Fetal effects include: 8.2% low- birth weight (under 2500), 7.7% (over 4000 g), 7. 7% neonatal genital problems, 0/5 % skeletal disorders.
Conclusion
According to the findings of this study, it was found that pregnancy at inappropriate age and suffering from some diseases, especially hypertension, diabetes, anemia were the most important health problems of pregnant women In this city. Health status during pregnancy depends on before pregnancy of health care. Prior pregnancy care must be basic prenatal care as logically.