The infertility prevalence has increased about 5% in the last decade and has considered an epidemy in the community. Coping is defined as the ability of the individual to accept and deal with the grief and losses associated with their infertility. The goal of psychological interventions is to help the individual to cope with the situation. This study has investigated the relaxation effects on infertility adjustment.
Materials and methods
This study was a randomized control trial. 92 infertile women with inclusion criteria who were referred to infertility clinic of Tabriz Al-Zahra Hospital were simple random sampling randomly divided into two intervention and control groups. Before intervention, two groups were similar in adjustment with infertility. The "infertility psychological adjustment scale" was used and relaxation group was divided into groups of 5 people that trained progressive muscle relaxation in a 2-hour session. At the end, the training CD was given to the participants and they were asked to perform the technique about 15 minutes every day for 4 weeks and record them. The control group received the routine care of the center. The infertility psychological adjustment questionnaire was given to participants after 4 weeks again. For data analyzing statistical tests such as Paired T, Independent T, Fisher Exact and Chi-Square were used in SPSS software, version 16.
Comparison of mean scores of infertility adjustment showed significant reduction in relaxation group in comparison with control group (24.28 ± 0.49) (P=0.000). The mean scores of infertility adjustment scale before and after intervention had a statistically significant reduction in relaxation group (12.87 ± 2.74) (P=0.000). The mean scores of infertility adjustment scale before and after intervention had a statistically significant increase in control group (5.65 ± 2.33) (P=0.000).
According to the results of the study, relaxation affects infertility adjustment and it is suggested to consider relaxation as a cost-effective solution beside physical treatments for infertile women.