Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women and is regarded as one of the leading causes of cancer death in developing countries. In cervical cancer patients, both surgery and radiation therapy may bring about sexual dysfunction. Therefore, this study aimed to survey sexual dysfunction in women with cervical cancer and a history study of pelvic radiation therapy in Ghaem and Omid hospitals in Mashhad.
Materials and methods
This study was carried out on 176 women with cervical cancer and pelvic radiation therapy referred to Ghaem and Omid hospitals in Mashhad who were selected using convenient sampling from 2010 to 2014. Research tools consisted of valid and reliable demographic and ROSEN Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaires. Data analysis was carried out by SPSS software using descriptive statistics and correlation test.
Women with cervical cancer and a history of pelvic radiation therapy had 30% sexual desire, 49% sexual arousal, 42% orgasm disorder and 35% problems in the lubrication. 40% of women complained of dyspareunia and 24% of women were dissatisfied from sexual function. There was a significant correlation between the overall sexual function and the Stage of cervical cancer (P= 0.001, r= - 0.25). There was a significant correlation between sexual desire(P= 0.04), Sexual arousal(P= 0.008), lubrication(P= 0.001), orgasm(P= 0.004), sexual satisfaction(P= 0.009) and dyspareunia(P= 0.000) with the stage of cervical cancer.
Sexual disorders in women with cervical cancer and a history of pelvic radiation therapy and correlation between sexual function with the Staging of cervical cancer reflects the fact that treatment, education and counseling programs would be helpful for these women.