This study aimed to investigate maternal outcomes of pregnancy after in vitro fertilization (IVF) in primigravida women admitted to 3 different hospitals in Tehran.
Materials and methods
This study is a retrospective cross sectional analytical study to evaluate and compare the maternal outcomes (preeclampsia, multiple pregnancy, diabetes, pregnancy, delivery mode, preterm delivery) among 620 pregnant women in three hospitals: Shahid Akbar Abadi (310 samples), Arash (155 samples) and Baharloo (155 samples). Chi-square, Fisher's exact test, t student and Mann – Whitney was used.
The mean and standard deviation of age was 25.3 ± 4.56 and 29.8 ± 5.31 in spontaneous pregnancy and IVF groups respectively. There was significant differences between two groups regarding to preeclampsia (P=0.003), gestational diabetes (P=0.012), multiple pregnancies (P<0.0001), Cesarean delivery (P<0.0001) and preterm delivery (P<0.0001). After adjustment of confounding variable (age) preeclampsia and gestational diabetes showed significant difference between two groups.
Since pregnancies after IVF showed some negative maternal outcomes, special attention is necessary for these women in their pregnancy.