Infertility is a medical and social condition and has a considerable impact on a person’s quality of life (QoL). Due to this impact, nowadays health-systems not only focus on morbidity and mortality but also on quality of life and well-being. The aim of the study was to determine the QoL of women with fertility problem, and identify factors associated with poor QoL.
Materials and methods
This cross-sectional study included 155 women with fertility problems undergoing IVF in a referral fertility center in Tehran, Iran from December 2013 to March 2014. The Fertility Quality of Life (FertiQoL), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and demographic and fertility information questionnaire were administered to all participants. The relationship of anxiety, depression, demographic and clinical variables with the FertiQoL score was assessed using multiple linear regression analysis.All data analyses were carried out using SPSS version 16 and a P< 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
The mean total QoL score was 62.57 ± 16.89. Multiple regression analysis showed that the anxiety (β=-1.59, P<0.001) and depression (β=-2.09, P<0.001) had a negative impact on QoL, morover, both cause of infertility and failure in previous treatment were significant factors of poorer QoL.
QoL in infertile women is negatively affected by their anxiety and depression levels. Thus, healthcare professionals should consider infertile women’s psychological distress when examining and treating them; the evidence from this study suggests that more support might be needed for those women who their source of infertility involves both male and female and also unknown.