Past Issue

Volume 8, Number 3, Oct-Dec 2014, Pages: 281-288

Sexual Functioning among Married Iranian Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome


Fatemeh Bazarganipour, Ph.D, 1, Saeideh Ziaei, M.D, 2, *, Ali Montazeri, Ph.D, 3, Fatemeh Foroozanfard, M.D, 4, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Ph.D, 5, Soghrat Faghihzadeh, Ph.D, 6,
Hormozgan Fertility and Infertility Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandarabbas, Iran
Faculty of Medical Science, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Mental Health Research Group, Health Metrics Research Center, Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
Gametogenesis Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
Department of Biostatistics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Faculty of Medical Sciences, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
* Corresponding Address: P.O.Box: 14115-331 Faculty of Medical Science Tarbiat Modares University Tehran Iran Email:ziaei_sa@modares.ac.ir

Abstract

Background

This study aimed to assess sexual functioning among women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in Iran.

Materials and Methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted to ascertain factors re- lated to sexual functioning in 300 PCOS patients attending to the private practice centers in Kashan, Isfahan Province, Iran, from May to October 2012. The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) was used to measure sexual functioning. Moreover, the socio-demo-graphic details and clinical information of PCOS including obesity, hirsutism, acne, mestrual cycle disturbances, infertility and endocrine profile were recorded for each patient.

Results

Overall the prevalence of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) was 16.6%. In particular patients indicated poorer sexual functioning for the desire (48.3%) and the arousal (44.7%) subscales. Multiple logistic regression analysis suggested patients with lower educational level (OR: 2.94; 95% CI: 1.46-5.92) and irregular menstrual status (OR: 4.61; 95% CI: 1.93-11) were more likely to report sexual dysfunction.

Conclusion

The findings suggest that desire and arousal were the most prevalent sexual disorders reported in this patient population. In addition, findings suggested that women with limited or no formal education and a history of menstrual irregularities were the most likely to report female sexual dysfunction. Further investigations are needed to examine female sexual functioning among women with PCOS, to educate their health care providers, and to develop therapeutic interventions.